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Hagerstown, Maryland 21742

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How to Choose a Diamond or Gemstone

Diamond RingWhen shopping for an engagement ring or wedding band, you may feel overwhelmed by the technical terms and details. Here at Carson, we want to help. Carson Jewelers has experienced gemologists on staff to help you find whatever you're looking for. We’re dedicated to getting you the perfect diamond. Our President and Owner, Tom Newcomer, frequently travels to Antwerp, Belgium to directly source customer-chosen diamonds for Carson’s rings. Before you choose the diamond that’s perfect for you, here’s a glossary of some of the terms we consider most important to know when you’re shopping for a diamond:


A setting that has a protective, metal enclosure that circles the diamonds in the ring.


Any impurity on the outside of the diamond.


The brightness reflected from the diamond, the “sparkle.”

4 C's

Carat, clarity, color, and cut. Carat, clarity, and color are all naturally determined; cut is the only man-made feature.


Carat is the actual weight of the diamond, so it also typically relates to how large the diamond is. 1 Carat = 0.2 grams.


This is how clear the diamond appears. Any inclusions or blemishes would detract from the clarity of a diamond.


Diamonds are graded on a scale from D (colorless) to Z (light yellow). The closer to D a diamond is, the more expensive it typically is.


The shape, proportions, and symmetry of the diamond. A variety of cuts exist and the one you choose is based on personal preference and budget.


Any impurity on the inside of the diamond.


The measurements of the diamond that determine the quality of the cut.


A ring that features smaller diamonds, but still has space for the main diamond.


The top area of the ring, where the diamond will sit.

For a full glossary of diamond-related terms, see Hearts on Fire, or come to the store to speak to one of our highly trained staff members.